• rocket64peony posted an update 1 week, 1 day ago

    Thirty-day rates of deep vein thrombosis (OR 1·95, 1·44 to 2·64) and pulmonary embolism (OR 1·79, 1·17 to 2·73), but not myocardial infarction or stroke, were also higher in patients with a raised haematocrit concentration. The effect on mortality was noted beyond the haematocrit thresholds of 0·48 in women and 0·52 in men; the effect estimates were considerably higher for values exceeding 0·54. Values between 0·41 and 0·45 were not associated with increased mortality risk. Similar observations were noted for venous thrombosis, although with apparent sex differences. A raised haematocrit concentration was associated with an increased risk of 30-day mortality and venous thrombosis following major surgery. “”The aim was to develop a multivariable risk prediction model for 30-day mortality following elective abdominal aortic aneurysm TGF-beta inhibition (AAA) repair. Data collected prospectively on 2765 consecutive patients undergoing elective open and endovascular AAA repair from September 1999 to October 2009 in the North West of England were split randomly into development (1936 patients) and validation (829) data sets. Logistic regression analysis was undertaken to identify risk factors for 30-day mortality. Ninety-eight deaths (5·1 per cent) were recorded in the development data set. Variables associated with 30-day mortality included: increasing age (P = 0·005), female sex (P = 0·002), diabetes (P = 0·029), raised serum creatinine level (P = 0·006), respiratory disease (P = 0·031), antiplatelet medication (P < 0·001) and open surgery (P = 0·002). The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for predicted probability of 30-day mortality in the development and validation data sets was 0·73 and 0·70 respectively. Observed versus expected 30-day mortality was 3·2 versus 2·0 per cent (P = 0·272) in low-risk, 6·1 versus 5·1 per cent (P = 0·671) in medium-risk and 11·1 versus 10·7 per cent (P = 0·879) in high-risk patients. This multivariable model for predicting 30-day mortality following elective AAA repair can be used clinically to calculate patient-specific risk and is useful for case-mix adjustment. The model predicted well across all risk groups in the validation data set. Copyright © 2011 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. "”Ischaemia and local protease activation close to the pancreaticojejunal anastomosis (PJA) are potential mechanisms of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) formation. To provide information on the pathophysiology of POPF, intraperitoneal microdialysis was used to monitor metabolic changes and protease activation close to the PJA after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). In patients who underwent PD, intraperitoneal metabolites (glycerol, lactate, pyruvate and glucose) were measured by microdialysis, and lactate and glucose in blood were monitored, every 4 h for 5 days, starting at 12.00 hours on the day after surgery.